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Glossary

A

ABS

It is a copolymer made by polymerizing styrene and acrylonitrile in the presence of polybutadiene. The advantages of ABS are impact resistance and toughness. The styrene gives the plastic a shiny, impervious surface. The butadiene, a rubbery substance, provides resilience even at low temperatures. For the majority of applications, ABS can be used between −25 and 60 °C (-13 and 140 °F) as its mechanical properties vary with temperature. The properties are created by rubber toughening, where fine particles of elastomer are distributed throughout the rigid matrix.

 

B

Barcode

A barcode is a method of storing data using vertical lines of varying thickness to store a typically numerical, but sometimes alphanumerical string of data. PDF barcodes utilize rows and columns of dots or squares which store a proportionally larger amount of data.

Bleed

The term “bleed” or “full bleed” used with regard to plastic card refers to the printing of artwork and text to every edge of the plastic card. Typically, our graphics specifications require that the artwork is supplied with artwork extending 3mm outside the ISO standard card boundary of 86 x 54 mm.

 

C

Combo Card

A combo card is another kind of specialized plastic card. Usually a combo card is a large piece of ISO thickness plastic, with the plastic card die-cut separated from the remainder of the holder. Combo cards usually have a slot punched at the top of the card to allow them to be hung from a slatwall type product holder.

CR50

A CR-50 card is an ISO standard defined size of plastic card, of varying thickness, usually 600 micron. The CR50 PVC card dimensions are approximately 76.2mm x 43.8mm.

CR80

CR80 format specifies a card size of 85.60 × 53.98 mm (3.370 × 2.125 in), thickness of 0.76 mm and corners rounded with a radius of 3.18 mm. Commonly used for bank cards, ID cards, loyalty cards and membership cards.

 

E

Emobssing

In plastic cards, to emboss means to impress letters and characters into the surface of the plastic card. Names and numbers are embossed on to ATM cards and Credit Cards. It provides a high level of security for financial and stored value card. Embossed characters can be tipped in a variety of coloured foils.

 

F

Foil Stamping

Foil stamping refers to a print process used to apply matte, metallic, reflective and holographic foils to a substrate. The required image is etched into a metal block, which is then sandwiches the foil between the plastic card. This process is used in many commercial applications, such as product packaging decoration.

Four Colour process

Four Colour process refers to the print process utilizing percentages of Cyan, Magenta, Yellow and Black to create full colour images, such as photographs, diagrams, graphics etc. It is a subtractive method of printing, because 100% cyan, 100% magenta and 100% yellow produce black. Smaller percentage of any constituent colour creates a lighter colour.

 

G

Gift Card

A gift card is a type of stored value card, given as a gift from one person to another. Usually, the gift card is tied to the store that issued it. Sometimes the card is valid in all stores in a department or shopping centre. The card refers to a balance on an account which is deducted when a purchase is made.

 

H

High Coercivity

Magnetic stripes come in two main varieties: high-coercivity (Hi-Co) at 4000 Oersted and low-coercivity (Lo-Co) at 300 Oersted but it is not infrequent to have intermediate values at 2750 OE. In practical terms high coercivity stripes are nearly black. High coercivity stripes are resistant to damage from most magnets likely to be owned by consumers, virtually all bank cards today are encoded on high coercivity stripes despite a slightly higher per-unit cost.

Hologram

Hologram is a technique that allows the light scattered from an object to be recorded and later reconstructed so that it appears as if the object is in the same position relative to the recording medium as it was when recorded.Holograms are recognized worldwide as effective anti-counterfeiting tools for plastic cards. Visa and MasterCard rely on holograms to reduce fraud and have their use has become one of the most commonly recognized features of a credit card. Many customers are surprised then to find that Allstate offers a wide variety of holographic foils and images that customers can use to protect and enhance the appearance of their plastic cards. In addition, Allstate can aid you in the design of your own custom designed holographic foils.

 

I

ID Card

An identity document (also known as I.D. or ID) is a piece of documentation designed to verify aspects of a person's identity. If an identity document is in the form of a small standard-sized card, such as an ISO 7810 card, it is called an identity card or ID Card.

ISO7810

ISO7810 is an international standard that defines the physical characteristics for identification cards. The ID-1 format specifies a size of 85.60 × 53.98 mm (3.370 × 2.125 in). It is commonly used for banking cards (ATM cards, credit cards, debit cards, etc.). Today it is also used for driving licenses in many countries. This format is also used as a personal identity card in some other countries, in retail loyalty cards, and it is one fairly common format for business cards. The United States passport card also uses the ID-1 format.

 

L

Lamination

Lamination refers to the sandwiching of layers together in any format, such as laminated flooring. Regarding plastic cards, it refers to the fusing together of printed PVC substrate between two layers of laminate, one for the front, one for the reverse of the plastic card. Lamination takes place under intense heat and pressure, which bonds all three substrates into one. Standard ISO lamination for ID cards, ATM cards etc is 0.76mm or 760 micron.

Lanyard

Simple lanyards are made of braided fabric with a clip attached to the end. They are often used in business situations where lanyards can be personalized with brands or other designs to promote events, products or services. Lanyards can be used for holding name badges;
Lanyards are commonly used to display badges, tickets or ID cards for identification where security is required. The typical arrangement is to attach a plastic pouch with at least one clear side to the lanyard, with the person's name badge facing the front.Lanyard also been used in public places such as hospitals, prisons and some schools or in commercial enterprises as well as public gatherings such as concerts, conventions and trade fairs. Stylish handcrafted lanyards have become very desirable among women who need to wear their IDs at work.

Lithographic Printing

Lithography or Offset Printing, most common process for plastic card printing based on the concept that oil and water are not compatible. The ink represents the oil and the alkaline fountain solution represents the water. These are the two main components which must interact during the printing process, allowing the ink to adhere to the image area of a printing plate while the fountain solution repels the ink from the non-image area

Low Coercivity

Magstripes come in two main varieties: high-coercivity (Hi-Co) at 4000 Oersted and low-coercivity (Lo-Co) at 300 Oersted but it is not infrequent to have intermediate values at 2750 Oe.In practical terms, usually low coercivity magnetic stripes are a light brown color. Low coercivity stripes are easily damaged by even a brief contact with a magnetic purse strap or fastener. Because of this, virtually all bank cards today are encoded on high coercivity stripes despite a slightly higher per-unit cost. Magnetic stripe cards are used in very high volumes in the mass transit sector, replacing paper based tickets with either a directly applied magnetic slurry or hot foil stripe. Slurry applied stripes are generally less expensive to produce and are less resilient but are suitable for cards meant to be disposed after a few uses.

Loyalty Card

In marketing and in retailing more specifically, a loyalty card, rewards card, points card, or club card is a plastic or paper card, visually similar to a credit card or debit card, that identifies the card holder as a member in a loyalty program. Loyalty cards are a system of the loyalty business model. In the United Kingdom it is typically called a loyalty card, in Canada a rewards card or a points card, and in the United States either a discount card, a club card or a rewards card. Cards typically have a barcode or magstripe that can be easily scanned, some modern systems now utilise chip card & RFID card technology to interact with central systems. Small keyring cards are often used for convenience.

 

M

Magnetic Stripe Card

A magnetic stripe card is a type of card capable of storing data by modifying the magnetism of tiny iron-based magnetic particles on a band of magnetic material on the card. The magnetic stripe, sometimes called a magstripe, is read by physical contact and swiping past a reading head. Magnetic stripe cards are commonly used in credit cards, ID cards, transportation tickets, and so on.Also known as:magnetic stripe, mag stripe, mag strip, magnetic strip, magnetic stripes, Magnetic stripe, Magnetic Stripe

Magnetic Stripe Encoding

Encoding refers to the insertion of variable or static data onto a stored medium. Regarding plastic cards, this can be the magnetic stripe, an embedded chip, or a microprocessor. The addition of a magnetic stripe encoder to your plastic card printer gives the user the ability to encode information onto a plastic card in a machine readable format, i.e the card can be swiped through a card reader. The information can also be printed in a human readable format at the same time. The encoded card can be integrated into membership, access control, loyalty and discount applications.

Metallic effect background

Mifare

MIFARE is reputedly the most widely installed contactless smartcard technology in the world with 500 million smart card chips and 5 million reader modules sold. The technology is patented by NXP Semiconductors. The MIFARE propietary technology is based upon the ISO 14443 (RFID) Type A 13.56 MHz contactless smart card standard.

 

O

Oersted

Oersted (abbreviated as Oe) is The unit of magnetizing force (magnetic field strength) in the CGS electromagnetic system.

 

P

Pantone matching system

The accuracy of color is critical in design. Because what you see on your monitor is never what will appear on a printed sheet, designers need a standardized color key.It can be very frustrating to see the logo you worked hard to create look deep blue on the client's letterhead, blue-greenish on his business card, and light blue on his very expensive envelopes.A way to prevent this is by using a standardized color matching system, such as the PANTONE MATCHING SYSTEM. Though PANTONE is not the only color standardization system, it is the most widely used and the one that most printers understand. Aside from being able to have consistency, PANTONE Colors allow you to use colors that cannot be mixed in CMYK.

Personalization

Printing, encoding and programming a card with data specific to an individual cardholder.

Pearlescent Effect

Proximity Card

Proximity card is a generic name for contactless integrated circuit devices used for security access or payment systems. It can refer to the older 125 kHz devices or the newer 13.56 MHz contactless RFID cards, most commonly known as contactless smartcards.

PVC

Polyvinyl chloride, (IUPAC Polychloroethene) commonly abbreviated PVC, is a widely used thermoplastic polymer. In terms of revenue generated, it is one of the most valuable products of the chemical industry. There are many uses for PVC. As a hard plastic, it is used as vinyl siding, magnetic stripe cards, window profiles, gramophone records (which is the source of the name for vinyl records), pipe, and plumbing and conduit fixtures.

PET

Polyethylene terephthalate, commonly abbreviated PET, PETE, or the obsolete PETP or PET-P, is a thermoplastic polymer resin of the polyester family and is used in synthetic fibers; beverage, food and other liquid containers; thermoforming applications; and engineering resins often in combination with glass fiber.PET can be semi-rigid to rigid, depending on its thickness, and it is very lightweight. It makes a good gas and fair moisture barrier, as well as a good barrier to alcohol (requires additional "barrier" treatment) and solvents. It is strong and impact-resistant. It is naturally colorless with a high transparency.

 

R

Radio-frequency identification

Radio-frequency identification (RFID) is an automatic identification method, relying on storing and remotely retrieving data using devices called RFID tags or transponders. An RFID tag is an object that can be attached to or incorporated into a product, animal, or person for the purpose of identification using radio waves. Chip-based RFID tags contain silicon chips and antennas. Passive tags require no internal power source, whereas active tags require a power source.Also known as:Radio-frequency identification, Radio-Frequency Identification, Radio Frequency Identification, radio frequency identification, RFID, rfid

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